Kyle Carr1, Bradford Clemens1, Craig Reeves1, Sarah Fleisher1, Ilana Silva1, Danielle Cross1, Mariah Arave1, Guinevere Granite2, Gary Wind2, Maria Ximena Leighton2, Elizabeth Maynes2*
1Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA
2Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA
*Correspondence to: Elizabeth Maynes, Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA
Received: Jun 06, 2023; Accepted: Jun 22, 2023; Published: Jun 30, 2023
Citation: Carr K, Clemens, B, Reeves C, Fleisher S, Silva I, et al. (2023) Presence of Bilateral Rectus Sternalis Muscles in an 88-Year-Old White Female Donor. Journal of Anatomical Variation and Clinical Case Report 1:102. DOI: 10.61309/javccr.1000102
Copyright: ©2023 Carr K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The rectus sternalis muscle is a rare anatomical variant present in the anterior chest wall of humans. This study presents a case of rectus sternalis muscles found in an 88-year-old White female donor during an anatomy course. The embryology and function of this vestigial muscle remain unclear. The muscle has clinical significance in breast augmentation surgery and mammography. In surgery, the muscle can be used to improve the end quality of breast augmentations. In mammography, the rectus sternalis muscle can mimic irregular masses in the breast, leading to misdiagnosis. Advanced imaging techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography scans can confirm the presence of rectus sternalis muscle. Lack of awareness of this muscle can result in surgical complications and unnecessary procedures. Physicians should be aware of this anatomical variation to ensure accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical planning.
Keywords: Bilateral rectus sternalis muscles; Rectus sternalis muscle; Sternalis muscle; Chest muscle anatomical variations