Investigating the Pesticides Impact on Mental Health of Exposed Workers -Iran

*Corresondence to: Niki Sadeghipour, Health Care Professional, Jam Hospital, Tehran City, Iran
Received: May 11, 2021; Accepted: June12, 2021; Published: July 16, 2021
Citation: Niki Sadeghipour, Sahra Kairi, Dr. Babak Heidari Aghdam (2021) Investigating the Pesticides Impact on Mental Health of Exposed Workers -Iran 1:102
Copyright: ©2021 Niki Sadeghipour This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Concern about occupational health and safety and the potentially widespread effects of environmental contaminants   has provided the impetus for research concerning the behavioral effects of organophosphate (OP) compounds. In this study we evaluated the impact of pesticides on physical symptoms, Anxiety and Sleep Disorders, Social  Performance and Depression in exposed workers. This study was performed on workers in a pesticide factory. The tools of this research are a questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed among 70 employees of the pesticide manufacturer. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) was used in this study.This questionnaire, developed by Goldberg, is one of the most well-known screening tools for mental disorders. Data analysis was performed using SPSS statistical software version 26.0 (IBM Corp). The significance level was set at α = .05, and all tests were 2-tailed.

The results show that there is no significant difference between educational level and physical symptoms (P-value=0.9), anxiety and sleep disorders (P-value= 0.2), Social  Performance (P-value= 0.6)  and depression (P-value=0.6). Statistical analyses show that there is a significant difference between age and depression(P-value=0.09). The study shows with “excessive” dreaming, nightmares, and somnambulism. Similar to other behavioral findings, occupational use of OP pesticides, in the absence of overt signs of toxicity does not result in sleep disturbance according to interview data. Integration of clinical and laboratory studies indicates that OP poisoning frequently precipitates a depressive syndrome and may reverse hypomanic symptoms.

The present study confirms other studies. Due to the effects of pesticides on physical symptoms, anxiety and sleep, social functioning and depression using advanced protectors in factory devices to prevent pesticide leakage, change the production process and the basis of the chemical formula of pesticides on public health. Protective measures such as the distribution and mandatory use of filtered masks and the use of personal monitoring devices, informing and educating staff about the effects of the pest on people who are exposed to it, reduce its effects on the face.

Keywords: Somnambulism; Hypomanic Symptoms; Organophosphate (OP) Compounds